Reproduction, Technoscience, and the Body: Forced Sterilizations and Violence in Peru

Directeur /trice Elisabeth Prügl
Co-directeur(s) /trice(s)
Résumé de la thèse Between 1996 and 2000, almost 300,000 Peruvian women were sterilized following president Fujimori’s ‘National Program of Reproductive Health and Family Planning 1996-2000’. Promoted as a liberal-feminist enterprise at the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo (1994) and the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing (1995), the program was supposed to empower women by giving them education and choice regarding family planning and their reproductive health. However, the program disproportionately targeted indigenous Quechua-speaking women of rural areas of Peru living in extreme poverty, performing surgical sterilizations on thousands of women without their consent, through coercion and intimidation. By focusing on the material and technological semiotics of violence and gender, this paper studies the ‘National Program of Reproductive Health and Family Planning 1996-2000’ document as part of the conditions of possibility that enabled coercive sterilizations and the construction of the bodies of indigenous women as the objects of reproductive violence. Drawing on post-human and science and technology feminist theories, I explore the scientific-technological aspects of reproductive control, the production of gendered and racialized embodied subjects, and understandings of violence in the context of the then on-going armed conflict between the Peruvian state and Sendero Luminoso.
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